Are you interested in learning how to host a website? Self-hosted website builders, such as WordPress, provide you with complete control over the design of your website. The problem is that most novices are unaware of the recommended practices for hosting a website. Many people feel that hosting their websites necessitates specialized technological knowledge.
That isn’t the case!
You can easily host your website in just a few minutes if you take the appropriate approach. It’s usually easy and equal to setting up a Facebook account. We’ll guide you on hosting a website without learning any technical skills in this beginner’s tutorial.
What Does “Host A Website” Mean?
Hosting a website entails storing its data on a dedicated computer known as a server. This machine makes the files on your website openly accessible on the internet, allowing anybody to view them.
These special computers have certain software installed for other people worldwide to see the website. A web server is a name for this program.
The primary function of a web server is to receive requests and replies by transmitting the desired page to the user’s browser. All of this may appear to be technical language, which it is.
To host your website, though, you don’t need to know how to accomplish all of these things. Fortunately, thousands of businesses provide this service (at a low cost).
Steps To Hosting A Website
The unseen underpinning of the internet is hosting. Every website requires a ‘home,’ a location where you may access its data at any time and from any location. That is what hosting entails. It’s a piece of digital real estate. If you want to create a website, you’ll need to find a place to host it.
A speedy site that is virtually available always results from good hosting. Affordable, low-maintenance, and scalable hosting is ideal. Bad hosting, on the other hand, is the polar opposite. Hosting is a vital foundation in the internet’s hyper-competitive, limited attention span world. If we didn’t have a good website host, you wouldn’t be able to read this.
Step 1: Determine The Type Of Website You Need
Typically, there are two sorts of websites:
Static or Basic Websites: Static or Basic websites are simple websites with more web pages (called HTML pages). You may create them on your computer using tools. You may make them on your computer with programs like Dreamweaver, then upload them to your host’s server with any FTP client (such as FileZilla). When you need to make changes to your website, you’ll have to tweak the pages on your computer and upload them again.
You can’t change static websites dynamically. Static websites are more affordable than dynamic websites, but they have fewer features and no e-commerce or interactive options.
Dynamic Websites: Dynamic websites include content that varies based on the time of day, the viewer, and other factors. To produce and update content, they employ both client-side and server-side scripts. Client-side scripts run on the user’s computer, and they mostly use them for appearance and interaction. Server-side scripts, hosted on a server and widely utilized by e-commerce and social networking sites, allow users to create distinct profiles and deliver personalized responses for each one.
Dynamic websites are content management system (CMS) driven, allowing you to add and change material (text, design, images, and videos) and enabling users to post comments and start dialogues.
Businesses and organizations get greater benefits from dynamic websites. Blog sites, forums, photo galleries, and e-commerce sites are examples of dynamic websites.
Step 2: Select A Web Hosting Server
There are fundamentally two sorts of hosting platforms for online sites. Unlike static HTML sites, which you can host on almost any web server, there are two hosting platforms for web applications. You may pick from the following options, depending on your hosting needs and comfort level:
Linux hosting supports PostgreSQL and MySQL databases and lets you execute scripts written in PHP, Perl, Python, and other Unix-based languages. Currently, this is the most widely used system.
Windows hosting supports Microsoft SQL Server and Access databases and lets you execute ASP scripts using.NET and other Microsoft technologies.
Note: Regardless of the operating system you use at home or business, you may choose between Linux and Windows hosting. Linux hosting is cheaper if your website does not require scripting capabilities. Choose a platform that provides the technologies you need if your website requires scripting and database support.
Step 3: Choose A Web Hosting Plan
Web hosting often includes a wide range of services, such as:
1. Shared Hosting: When using shared hosting, you share the physical server with other website owners. You will, however, have your account (secured with login passwords). Because you and the other website owners share the cost of managing the server, shared hosting is relatively economical.
2. VPS Hosting (Virtual Private Server Hosting): This hosting saves each website on a powerful server partitioned into several virtual compartments. The server software is set up individually for each unit, working independently. If you have strong security concerns but don’t want to invest in a faster (but more costly) dedicated server, this should be your first choice.
3. Dedicated Hosting: Dedicated hosting gives you access to a full server, making it quicker, more secure, and more expensive. Because it offers maximum customization, setup, installation, and flexibility, it is the best answer for larger enterprises and high-traffic websites.
4. Cloud Hosting: Cloud hosting enables numerous virtual servers (clouds) to collaborate to host a website or a collection of websites. It has a limitless capacity for dealing with traffic spikes. The resources granted to a cloud-hosted website are not tied to a particular server, and they can decrease or increase dynamically depending on how much traffic you receive. Large websites, such as e-commerce sites, blog sites, and newsletters, benefit greatly from it.
5. Note: Most people begin with VPS (or even shared) hosting and upgrade as their company grows. VPS hosting offers excellent web hosting at a fraction of the cost of a dedicated server.
Step 4: Modify Your Domain Name System (DNS) Address
After you’ve paid for your web hosting, you’ll get Name Servers (also known as Domain Name Servers or DNS) — the internet’s version of a phone book with IP addresses.
You’ll need to change your domain’s Name Servers to get your website up and running. It’s a simple yet necessary first step for you to take.
1. Go to http://manage.hostgator.in/customer to access your Domain Control Panel.
2. Enter your email address and password.
3. To modify the Name Servers for a domain, click the domain’s name.
4. Click the Servers option in the Domain Registration section.
5. After replacing the existing Name Servers with those your current web host gives you, click the Update Name Servers button.
Step 5: Upload Your Website Online
You may now upload your website to your account by using cPanel’s File Manager or an FTP client (like FileZilla) to connect to the server, after which your website will go online.
1. How To Utilize The cPanel File Manager To Upload Your Website
1. Log into your cPanel account.
2. Select the File Manager icon from the drop-down menu.
3. Click Go after selecting WebRoot.
4. Add all files and folders to the public Html and domain directories.
2. How To Utilize An FTP Client To Upload Your Website
FTP may be accessed using an FTP client such as FileZilla Client. It allows you to see files and folders on the server the same way you would on your computer. It allows you to drag and drop the files from your website into the /public Html/ folder.
Follow these easy steps to connect to your web server using FileZilla:
1. Open FileZilla after installing it.
2. Select Site Manager from the File menu.
3. Go to New Site and choose it.
4. Choose a name for your new site, such as your actual domain name.
5. In the FTP Address area, type your website’s IP address.
6. Enter the username and password emailed to you as part of your welcome package.
7. Set the port number to 21. (FTP always runs on Port 21)
8. Connect by clicking the button.
When your FTP connection is ready, you will see the following files and folders:
1. Local PC on the left
2. Web hosting service on the right
Follow these procedures to upload files to your hosting service provider using FileZilla:
1. Select the file(s) and folder(s) you want to upload from FileZilla’s left-hand menu.
2. Drag & drop the file(s) and folder(s) to your web hosting service’s directory position on the right side. FileZilla will now begin the upload process.
3. The FileZilla log will indicate that the upload was successful, and your uploads will be accessible on the right-hand side.
Drawbacks Of Self-Hosting A Website
It is not a good idea to host your website on a local computer. That is why even computer behemoths with ample resources, expertise, and skills choose to use a hosting service provider.
A few downsides of hosting a website on a local computer are listed below.
1. You must install a web server on a computer connected to a high-speed internet connection 24 hours a day.
2. You’ll also need to configure and install web server software updates, backups, and a backup server, among other things.
3. Hacking attempts, virus insertion, and DDOS assaults will be possible on the computer hosting your website. That might jeopardize the security of the rest of your network’s PCs.
4. You must purchase a static IP address from your internet service provider, which will be an additional expense.